Emergency Preparedness Training
Preparation is the responsibility of every member of our community. In 2009, the U.S. Department of Education established a set of guidelines called the National Incident Management System Implementation Activities for Schools and Institutions of Higher Education , which requires key personnel to complete the following free online NIMS and Incident Command System (ICS) courses:
In addition to the above courses, it is recommended that individuals also take the following:
IS-100.B Introduction to the ICS
IS-200.B ICS for Single Resources and Initial Action Incidents
IS-800.B National Response Framework: An Introduction
According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) website, "The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a systematic, proactive approach to guide departments and agencies at all levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector to work together seamlessly and manage incidents involving all threats and hazards—regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity—in order to reduce loss of life, property and harm to the environment."
According to FEMA, "The Incident Command System (ICS) is a management system designed to enable effective and efficient domestic incident management by integrating a combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications operating within a common organizational structure."
Simply put, NIMS is an overall management framework for responding to emergencies, whereas ICS is the management system established to manage emergencies and other incidents.
The U.S. Department of Education has created a chart to identify the key personnel who are required to complete NIMS and ICS training. Key personnel include the following categories:
- Executive leaders are often responsible for making financial, administrative, and managerial decisions supporting an emergency management program and will likely have very high-level responsibilities before and after an incident (as opposed to command responsibilities in the field during an actual incident response).
- General personnel are those with any role in emergency preparedness, incident management, or response.
- Command staff are personnel assigned to lead any key campus emergency management effort; they have a specific role within the ICS.
- Incident managers are personnel with a leadership role in command. These individuals are typically obligated to command and manage incidents that occur on campus.